Types Of Cameras

Types Of Cameras

In Photography Basics, Photography Equipment by Stefano CaioniLeave a Comment

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If you’re here, chances are you’re wondering what are the different types of cameras available on the market.

Today, with always new emerging devices, photographers have a vast range of choices when it comes to buying a new camera. Advancements in technology and the rise of social media platforms allowed more people to get closer to the world of photography at a more affordable price.

Check also the post: Type of Camera Lenses

Types Of Cameras

Before wasting money, it’s important to know what the different cameras are and what are they suited for. In this easy guide, you’re going to learn the main characteristics of the different camera types and how they compare to each other.

And if you are looking for a more straightforward guide on what camera to buy you can read also: Best camera for beginners

List of Types Of Cameras

Before we jump into a more detailed description of each camera type, here’s a list of the devices we’re going to examine:

  • Digital SLR Cameras
  • Mirrorless Cameras
  • Compact Digital Cameras
  • Bridge Cameras
  • Action Cameras
  • Waterproof Cameras
  • 360 Cameras
  • Film Cameras
  • Polaroid Cameras
  • Medium Format Cameras
  • Smartphone Cameras

What Are the Different Types Of Cameras?

Digital SLR Cameras

Digital SLRs or simply DSLRs are the hottest cameras. They deliver incredible picture quality and take the photography to the next level.

You can click sharp and stunning images, bokeh backgrounds, and high-quality video through their wide range of lenses and advanced sensors.

Types Of Cameras

These types of cameras are the first choice of professional photographers in the world. Further, Nikon and Canon are the most popular brands that offer DSLR cameras. They are commercially used to capture HD images for magazines, posters and billboards. They even allow you to record 1080p Full HD videos for movies and shows.

DSLR cameras come in two types

Full-frame DSLR (35mm) and Crop sensor (APS-C)

Full-frame DSLR cameras usually comprises of a 36x24mm sensor that captures better images when compared to a crop sensor.

Mirrorless Cameras

Mirrorless Cameras are lighter version of the DSLRs but without the internal reflecting mirror which reflects light on the sensor. They can yield beautiful, high-resolution pictures and Full HD videos that can only be produced by the high-end DSLRs.

Types Of Cameras

You can say that mirrorless cameras are a combination of compact cameras and DSLRs.

Mirrorless cameras also come in two different types: Full-frame and Crop Sensors

Compact Digital Cameras

These types of cameras are also known as point-and-shoot cameras and are very easy to use.

Anyone can click amazing pictures using these compact cameras. As the name suggests, they are small, lightweight, and don’t require external lense or films. Although you will not get the freedom to manually adjust the settings as they are fully automatic cameras, you can click well exposed and high-quality pictures with great ease.

compact camera

Compact cameras are very handy and also durable, they can last longer than your imagination. They are perfect for photography lovers who want to click high-resolution pictures no matter where they go.

Bridge Cameras

Bridge cameras are for those who want something more than a point-and-shoot camera but aren’t ready yet for a DSLR or Mirrorless camera.

bridge camera

Most modern bridge cameras offer an amazing integrated lens with a stellar zoom. Even though you can change lens, you have access to a really wide focal length range thanks to the optic of these cameras.

They are suitable for travel, amateur photographers that want to shoot at pretty much everything without bothering too much about interchangeable lenses and are on a low budget.

Types Of Cameras: Action Cameras

Action Cameras have gained a huge fan base over the last few years. The reason is visible to all, the exceptional versatility they provide to generate high-resolution output. Popular action cameras have taken photography to the next level. They are perfect for the hobbyist who loves clicking artistic photos and film high-quality videos.


They come along a wide range of accessories such as waterproof housing that makes it possible to take pictures or record videos inside the water. They also offer mounts with which you can attach them to helmets, bikes, drones etc to achieve hand’s free photoshoot. These are perfect for the adventure photo shooting.

Basically, action cameras give you the freedom to develop excellent pictures and videos from any corner of the earth, be it underwater or at the top of hills.

Waterproof Cameras

Even though they can be considered action cameras, I think they deserve a category on its own. Waterproof cameras such as the Olympus TG-6 are specifically made to be used in extreme conditions.

Types Of Cameras

In fact these cameras are not only waterproof, they’re freezeproof and shockproof and their build quality makes of them a special tool for special needs.

Types Of Cameras: 360 Cameras

As the name suggests, a 360camera can take semicircular to full-circle or panoramic pictures as well as videos with the help of its serial lenses. Similar to the action cameras, they can be mounted on surfaces like drones, helmets or even top of cars and trucks. They capture visually pleasing panoramic views without any fuss.

360 GoPro

In essence, 360Cameras offer Google’s street view styles like photos and videos.

These cameras are perfect to click Instagram worthy pictures on your vacations.

However, capturing a picture with a 360camera is no less than an art. It requires a bit of hard work to click an image with proper composition. But the efforts are totally worth the exceptional photos it yields.

Film Cameras

Don’t confuse today’s film cameras with the traditional ones. They might be less popular but deliver great artistic pictures.

Film Camera

Modern film cameras offer a standard 35mm frame and come along with improved bodies and working ability.

You can produce artistic photos in various styles such as vintage pictures or Instagram-style with just a click of the shutter.

Polaroid Cameras


Types Of Cameras: Medium Format Cameras

Medium format cameras offer a larger surface frame that is about 4x bigger than the regular 35mm format. They yield larger prints without compromising with the overall picture quality. They are widely used by professional photographers as they produce wide-angle shots that look very natural.

Types Of Cameras

Although these types of cameras require some efforts to click the desired pictures, they are irreplaceable due to their ability to yield sharp, natural, and aesthetic pictures that look great in magazines and art galleries.

Read more here.

Smartphone Cameras

I left smartphone cameras at the end but don’t be fooled, they’re getting more and more importance these days. Purists won’t even consider smartphones as a type of camera, but with advancements in technology they’re becoming more and more the de-facto device for many photography enthusiasts.

Multiple focal lenses, bright aperture, shooting in RAW, pano shoots, 4K videos, photo editing on the fly and many more features make of modern smartphones serious competitors for many categories listed above. Keep an eye on it as I predict they’ll get even more traction in the years to come.


Now that we’ve explored the different types of cameras it’s time for you to decide which camera you’re going to buy.

Will you get a mirrorless camera? Or will you buy a DSLR? For a detailed comparison check out the article Best camera for beginners.

And don’t forget to share this guide with your friends right now!

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